This is the first in a series of posts tracing ancestors of my maternal grandmother’s maternal grandparents, the Bartons. The Bartons likely came to the USA well before it was the USA, arriving via Pennsylvania from England, and settling in Randolph County, North Carolina. I have no Reliable record of my 7x great-grandfather, though I think he was born in England. British records are full of Bartons and I am uncertain which is which, so we’ll just stick with what I’m sure of…
John Barton, my 6x great-grandfather, was born in 1740 according to a record of the Revolutionary War Continental Army. That record does not state where he was born, but does say he was from North Carolina and that he was a Captain during the War for Independence.
By the time the War started, John and his wife, Elizabeth, had five children: Sarah, b. 1762; William, b. 1763; John, Jr., b. 1765; Molly, b, 1768; Elizabeth jr., b. 1771. Their sixth child, Anna, was born in 1778.
Our history books often overlook the role of North Carolina during the Revolution, though I remember some mention of the Regulators, a movement of farmers from the NC piedmont being some real hotheads against the Crown.
I’ve learned that North Carolina Riflemen were so feared by the British troops that they were advised to remove the gold-colored trimming from their red coats. Future President John Adams stated that the NC troops were “the finest marksmen in the world” who could “fire with great exactness at great distances”. From their first battle at Moore’s Creek Bridge in February, 1776 to the final NC battle at the Guildford Courthouse in 1781 the Tar Heels were victorious. Their showing at the Battle of Cowpens, SC, in 1781 saved the Day for America, again.
Captain John Barton died in 1799, survived by his wife and four of his children. His wife, Elizabeth, lived another 19 years. At some point Grandma Barton applied for bounty land for the Captain’s service during the Revolution, but it was denied.
I have record of 6x great-grandmother Elizabeth Barton’s will. The early wills are always disconcerting, and disgusting to me, as they give away people; Elizabeth leaves her children several personal slaves. The property (and the field slaves which are considered part of it) is left to her son, John, Jr. with no mention of her son, William.
By the time of his mother’s death in 1817, 54-year-old William Barton, the oldest son of John and Elizabeth, had moved with his family to Posey County, Indiana.